When a patient suffers from certain diseases or trauma, sometimes the hip joint will require a partial or total replacement. Those in need of a hip replacement typically experience pain that gets worse with movement, keeps from sleeping well at night, and/or makes it difficult to climb stairs and do other daily activities.
In moving forward with a hip replacement, there are a few options. During the procedure, the patient will either choose to be under general anesthetic or spinal anesthetic. Under general, the patient is put to sleep during the procedure, however, under a spinal anesthetic, only the lower half of the body will be numbed. Depending on the severity of the condition among other risk factors, the patient will have prosthetics implanted made of either metal, plastic, or ceramic pieces designed to replicate the movement of a natural joint.
Anatomy of the Hip
The hip joint is a ball and socket type. The femoral component, or ‘stem’ portion, would be either cemented or Press Fit into the leg bone to add stability. The ‘socket’ portion of the hip is called the acetabulum. In the case of a full hip replacement, both pieces will be replaced, while a partial will only dictate one. Even though a new hip may feel better than ever, there are still certain limitations a patient may experience after the procedure. During a consultation, our physicians will thoroughly explain the process as well as any limitations to expect.
Because a total joint replacement is a major surgery, it is often not suggested until other options have been exhausted. Most often, hip replacements are commonly suggested for patients who suffer from the following in which no other treatments have offered relief:
- Osteoarthritis- A common form of arthritis where the soft tissue and cartilage that allows bones to glide easily against each other is worn down. This causes the bones to rub together, creating pains and, often, bone spurs.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)- RA is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks tissues around a joint, causing pain, inflammation, and damage.
- Osteonecrosis-This condition occurs when bone cells experience decrease blood flow and begin to die off. The bone will begin to collapse and form osteoarthritis.
- Hip Fractures- Certain hip fractures can require a hip replacement. Often, it is recommended if the bone isn’t likely to heal or the injury damaged blood supply to the area.
If you’re ready to discuss hip replacement or would like to know what options you have for your joints, give us a call today at 352-751-2862. We are highly skilled and experienced in hip replacements and look forward to getting you back on your feet!